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Английский язык, И.И. Панова, Е.Б. Карневская, З.Д. Курочкина, Е.А. Мисуно
Решебник по английскому языку 11 класс
Английский язык. Учебное пособие для 11 класса общеобразовательных учреждений с белорусским и русским языками обучения, И.И. Панова, Е.Б. Карневская, З.Д. Курочкина, Е.А. Мисуно. Объем: 192 страниц(ы).
В. BELARUS SUFFERED A LOT FROM INVADERS THROUGHOUT ITS HISTORY

Belarus suffered a lot from invaders throughout its history. Our land has seen all kinds of enemies from far and near. The Goths marched through it to the much desired Black Sea in 3rd century. In the 13th century the German Order of Knights of the Sword drove through Belarus. In the beginning of the 18th century Swedish feudal lords set out to grab their share. At the end of the 18th century the territory of modern Belarus passed to Russia. In 1812 the troops of Napoleon invaded Belarus. Bitter battles were fought on Belarusian land during the First World War (1914-1918), the Civil War (1918-1922) and the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945).

Histrorians estimate that from the 11th century the towns of Belarus were burnt to ashes at least three times every hundred years. As a result of invasions thousands of people were killed and many cultural values were destroyed. Throughout its history Belarus had to rise from ashes like a phoenix bird many times. The victory in the last war was achieved at especially high cost. Cities, towns and villages lay in ruins. 209 out of 270 cities and towns were destroyed and burnt as well as 9200 villages. But the heaviest losses were of people. Each third Belarusian was killed, burnt alive or removed to labour camps. Our nation has suffered a lot from all kinds of wars. Today we live in a sovereign, independent state with our own government, constitution, coat of arms, flag and national anthem. We value peace and want to be on good-neighbourly terms with all other nations, because we remember well all the horrors of war. We don't want our country to suffer from wars again. And we pay tribute to our ancestors who fought bravely to give us peace and a happy future.

FINAL DISCUSSION ON THE TOPIC

Ex. 1. Ответьте на вопросы.

1. The description of the past of any country is not always easy, because historians have to study many things, such as books, letters, photographs and documents of the epoch to prove some fact. This is not always easy because some of them may contradict to each other, and some of the important documents are destroyed. If we speak about ancient times, it is even more difficult for historians to describe the life of our ancestors, because very few written documents existed at that time and most of them don't exist anymore. That's why they only can guess some things finding and analyzing some archaeological artifacts.

2. They can read books on ancient history, study ancient books and scripts, listen to legends that every village has and participate in archaeological excavations. There are some good TV-programmes and films about historical events. I like watching documentaries on historical events. I like the programme "Albaruthenia", which is dedicated to the history of Belarus

Решебник Английский язык, И.И. Панова, Е.Б. Карневская, З.Д. Курочкина, Е.А. Мисуно
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